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Recent data reveals most common cancers in Hawaiʻi

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain

The University of Hawaiʻi Cancer Center’s Hawaiʻi Tumor Registry released updated cancer statistics in Hawaiʻi Cancer at a Glance, 2012-2016, which includes data on cancer incidence and mortality in the state of Hawaiʻi.

The report shows that remains the most frequently diagnosed cancer among women, while is the most common cancer among men. Hawaiʻi’s liver and stomach and are significantly higher than the U.S., and continues to be the leading cause of cancer death in the state.

Hawaiʻi is a diverse state in its geography, as well as in its demographics. In addition to having no ethnic majority, it has the highest proportion of individuals of mixed-race ethnicity in the U.S., with two of every 10 residents describing themselves as more than one race.

“Hawaiʻi Cancer at a Glance, 2012-2016, acknowledges this diversity, and examines variation in cancer incidence and mortality by county and across various racial and ,” Hawaiʻi Tumor Registry Principal Investigator Brenda Hernandez said. “Disparities in and outcomes across racial and ethnic groups may reflect genetic variation as well as differences in diet, tobacco and alcohol use, obesity and other lifestyle exposures.”

Recent data reveals most common cancers in Hawaiʻi
Brenda Hernandez. Credit: University of Hawaii at Manoa

Key ethnic differences were also observed. Lung cancer incidence is highest in Filipinos and Native Hawaiians. Thyroid cancer incidence is highest in Filipino women. Liver cancer incidence and mortality are highest in Native Hawaiian men, and whites (both men and women) have the highest rates of melanoma.

Annually, an average of 7,010 Hawaiʻi residents are newly diagnosed with invasive cancer and 2,347 individuals die of cancer. There are more than 62,000 cancer survivors in the state.

The Hawaiʻi Tumor Registry is responsible for cancer surveillance in the state of

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6 key facts about autism spectrum disorder

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder, meaning that symptoms are present early in life. However, ASD can be diagnosed at any age.

Here are some other things to know:

1. It affects each person differently. Autism is also known as a spectrum disorder. That’s because not everyone who has autism has the exact same symptoms with the same severity. However, there are some core symptom areas that people with ASD have. These include problems with social communication, like avoiding eye contact; difficulty with the back and forth of conversation; or trouble understanding other people’s points of view. Other symptoms include repeating certain behaviors or having unusual or restricted behaviors.

2. Symptoms can change over time. Some symptoms can change and may become more or less severe as people with ASD age. Symptoms can also change with behavioral intervention or medication.

3. ASD isn’t specific to one race or ethnicity. Autism occurs in people of all ethnic, racial, and economic backgrounds. People who have older parents, a sibling with ASD, or a genetic condition like Down syndrome are more likely to be diagnosed with autism. Also, boys are four times more likely than girls to be diagnosed with ASD.

4. There’s still much to learn. While scientists don’t know the exact causes of ASD, research suggests that genes can act together with environmental factors to affect development in ways that can lead to ASD. That’s why researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) are working to better understand the condition and diagnose it early.

5. ASD isn’t a weakness. While people with autism do experience challenges, they can also have great strengths. Those include performing well in math, the arts, and science; remembering specific details for long periods of time; and being strong learners.

6. It’s a