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IoT results-oriented exercise system for social distancing with field sensors: No gym needed

Experimental strategy. Masuki et al. Compr Physiol 10: 1207-1240, 2020. Credit: © 2020 American Physiological Society

An IoT system that allows geneticists, nutritionists, clinicians and exercise physiologists to work together remotely encourages middle-aged and elderly people to train using Interval Walking Training, in accordance to their individual peak aerobic capacity, greatly improving their physical fitness and lifestyle-related disease prognosis.

A common notion is to walk 10,000 steps a day to improve ones’ physical fitness, so pedometers have been a popular wearable health device from before the days of fitness trackers and smartphones. However, simply walking 10,000 steps does not improve physical fitness or improve lifestyle-related illnesses. The international standard of improving physical fitness is to measure the maximum oxygen intake and to have the individual work at more than 60% of that. Interval training uses an individuals’ peak aerobic capacity to efficiently and effectively improve physical fitness. However, this requires going to the gym and training with a machine on a regular basis, which is both time consuming and costly. Therefore, a team at Shinshu University led by Dr. Shizue Masuki who was a part of Dr. Hiroshi Nose’s group (also of Shinshu University and corresponding author of this study) that developed Interval walking training (IWT) in an earlier study set out to see whether physical fitness could be easily determined and during training could be continuously monitored in the field without going to the gym.

The team developed a training system using the internet of things (IoT) to motivate and track the exercise intensity levels of the trainees. The team found that with five months of training, a group with an average age of 63 were able to increase their physical fitness back to a level 10 years younger than they previously scored before the exercise protocol.

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Hypothyroidism (Underactive Thyroid) | NIDDK

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What is hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism, also called underactive thyroid, is when the thyroid gland doesn’t make enough thyroid hormones to meet your body’s needs. The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland in the front of your neck. Thyroid hormones control the way the body uses energy, so they affect nearly every organ in your body, even the way your heart beats. Without enough thyroid hormones, many of your body’s functions slow down.

The thyroid is a small gland in your neck that makes thyroid hormones.

How common is hypothyroidism?

About 4.6 percent of the U.S. population ages 12 and older has hypothyroidism, although most cases are mild.1 That’s almost 5 people out of 100.

Who is more likely to develop hypothyroidism?

Women are much more likely than men to develop hypothyroidism. The disease is also more common among people older than age 60.1

You are more likely to have hypothyroidism if you

  • have had a thyroid problem before, such as a goiter
  • have had surgery to correct a thyroid problem
  • have received radiation treatment to the thyroid, neck, or chest
  • have a family history of thyroid disease
  • were pregnant in the past 6 months
  • have Turner syndrome, a genetic disorder that affects females
  • have other health problems, including

Is hypothyroidism during pregnancy a problem?

Hypothyroidism that isn’t treated can affect both the mother and the baby. However, thyroid medicines can help prevent problems and are safe to take during pregnancy. Learn more about causes, diagnosis, and treatment of hypothyroidism during pregnancy.

What other health problems could I have because of hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism can contribute to high cholesterol, so people with high cholesterol should be tested for hypothyroidism. Rarely, severe, untreated hypothyroidism may lead to myxedema coma, an extreme form of hypothyroidism in which