Health Life

Some children at higher risk of privacy violations from digital apps

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As your preschooler plays an alphabet game, does a puzzle or dresses up a favorite character through an app on a phone or tablet, companies may be stealthily collecting their personal information for marketing purposes.

Just like adults, children often leave disclosing what websites they use and which games they play as well as data identifying their location and device.

Except their information is supposed to be off limits to advertisers.

But while prohibit from storing and sharing children’s without verifiable parental consent, those rules aren’t always enforced, researchers find. And are most likely to affect kids from lower-education households.

Children raised by parents without showed two to three times higher rates of digital information being transferred to third parties, according to the study that appears in JAMA Pediatrics.

“Our study suggests that potential violations of child digital privacy laws are common, and social economic factors may influence which children are at greater risk for these violations,” says senior author Jenny Radesky, M.D., developmental behavioral pediatrician and Michigan Medicine C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital.

Potential factors that may explain this disparity include the degree of digital savviness or privacy awareness that parents have, authors say, which tends to correlate with level of education. Parents with advanced degrees also may research kids’ apps before installing them, thereby avoiding the glut of lower-quality kids’ apps in the app stores that could harbor more data trackers, Radesky says.

Tracking children

Advertisers can learn a lot about consumers from how they spend time on smartphones and tablets, such as what they download or purchase, their location and frequently visited websites. For this reason, many apps collect device’s unique identifiers (like Google’s ‘advertising ID’ or ‘Android ID’ or even

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People at Risk of Foodborne Illness

The food supply in the United States is among the safest in the world. However, when certain disease-causing bacteria or pathogens contaminate food, they can cause foodborne illness, often called “food poisoning.” The Federal government estimates that there are about 48 million cases of foodborne illness annually — the equivalent of sickening 1 in 6 Americans each year. And each year, these illnesses result in an estimated 128,000 hospitalizations and 3,000 deaths. Although everyone is susceptible, some people are at greater risk for developing foodborne illness.

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Who’s At-Risk?

If you – or someone you care for – are in one of these high-risk groups, it’s especially important to practice safe food handling. Vulnerable people are not only at increased risk of contracting a foodborne illness but are also more likely to have a lengthier illness, undergo hospitalization, or even die.

Changes during pregnancy alter the mother’s immune system, making pregnant women more susceptible to foodborne illness. Harmful bacteria can also cross the placenta and infect an unborn baby whose immune system is under-developed and not able to fight infection. Foodborne illness during pregnancy is serious and can lead to miscarriage, premature delivery, stillbirth, sickness or the death of a newborn baby.

Unborn babies are just beginning to develop immune systems and have little power to resist foodborne disease.

Children younger than 5 years have a high risk of foodborne illness and related health problems because their immune systems are still developing, and they cannot fight off infections as well as older children and adults.

The immune system is the body’s natural reaction or response to “foreign invasion.” In healthy people, a properly functioning immune system fights off harmful bacteria and other pathogens that cause infection. As people age, their immune system and other organs become sluggish