Health article

Gene Modifications (Mutations) (for Mother and father)


What Is a Gene Mutation?

A gene mutation (myoo-TAY-shun) is a change in a number of genes. Some mutations
can result in genetic problems or diseases.

What Are Genes?

Genes are quick sections of DNA. They decide our traits, that are issues like
hair colour, top, physique sort, and different issues that make an individual distinctive. Genes additionally
play a task in an individual’s danger for some illnesses and well being situations. Every of us
has about 24,000 various kinds of genes.

What Is DNA?

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is the service of all our genes. Every individual will get
one copy of DNA from their mom and one copy from their father. DNA creates a code
utilizing 4 chemical compounds known as nucleotides (NEW-klee-uh-tydes). This code determines
which genes an individual has. DNA is situated contained in the chromosomes.

What Is a Chromosome?

A chromosome (KRO-muh-sohm) is an X-shaped thread-like construction within the physique’s
cells. It incorporates DNA. People have 23 pairs of chromosomes.

What Causes a Gene Mutation?

A gene can mutate due to:

  • a change in a number of nucleotides of DNA
  • a change in lots of genes
  • lack of a number of genes
  • rearrangement of genes or entire chromosomes

Do Mother and father Move Gene Mutations to Youngsters?

If a mum or dad carries a gene mutation of their egg or sperm, it may move to their
youngster. These hereditary (or inherited) mutations are in nearly each cell of the individual’s
physique all through their life. Hereditary mutations embrace cystic
fibrosis
, hemophilia, and sickle
cell disease
.

Different mutations can occur on their very own throughout an individual’s life. These are known as
sporadic, spontaneous, or new mutations. They have an effect on just some cells. Harm from
the solar’s ultraviolet radiation or publicity
to some kinds of chemical compounds can result in new mutations. These mutations should not handed
from mother and father to their youngsters.

Do All Gene Mutations Trigger Well being Issues?

Most gene mutations don’t have any impact on well being. And the physique can restore many mutations.
Some mutations are even useful. For instance, individuals can have a mutation that protects
them from coronary heart illness or provides them more durable bones.

Date reviewed: March 2021


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