Health Life

Artificial intelligence tool for reading MRI scans could transform prostate cancer surgery and treatment

Credit: CC0 Public Domain

Researchers at the Center for Computational Imaging and Personalized Diagnostics (CCIPD) at Case Western Reserve University have preliminarily validated an artificial intelligence (AI) tool to predict how likely the disease is to recur following surgical treatment for prostate cancer.

The tool, called RadClip, uses AI algorithms to examine a variety of data, from MRI scans to . The research team included Cleveland Clinic, University Hospitals and the Louis Stokes Cleveland Veterans Administration Medical Center.

“This tool can help urologists, oncologists and surgeons create better treatment plans so that their patients can have the most precise treatment,” said Lin Li, a doctoral student in Case Western Reserve’s Biomedical Engineering Department and a member of the CCIPD team that developed the tool. “RadClip allows physicians to evaluate the aggressiveness of the and the response to treatment so they don’t overtreat or undertreat the patient.”

Li is first author on a study used to validate the tool, which appeared this month in The Lancet‘s EBioMedicine journal. While other studies on have examined data from single sites, the CCIPD study included MRI scans from Cleveland Clinic, The Mount Sinai Hospital, University Hospitals and the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania.

The multi-institutional study applied RadClip AI tool to pre-operative scans from nearly 200 patients whose surgeons removed their because of cancer, then compared its results of other predictive approaches—as well as the patients’ outcomes in succeeding years.

One of the critical questions in managing cancer in men undergoing surgery is identifying which are at highest risk of recurrence and prostate cancer-specific mortality so they can be identified early for additional therapy.

While RadClip has been shown to be able to predict the risk of disease recurrence, will be needed

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Cold-weather wellness: Tips for staying healthy this season

Staying healthy during colder months is the first step in making sure you can enjoy all the activities the season brings. 

When you are indoors more during the fall and winter, you may be closer to other people. This can increase your chances of catching viruses that cause colds, the flu, or COVID-19. Dry winter air can also weaken natural mucus barriers in the nose, mouth, and lungs, where viruses can enter the body. 

Get a flu shot

Each year, the seasonal flu sickens millions and causes thousands of hospitalizations and flu-related deaths in the U.S. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends a yearly flu vaccine for everyone 6 months of age and older. Flu vaccines are updated each year to best protect against new strains of the flu virus.

Reduce the spread 

To help reduce the spread of the flu, colds, and other viruses, including COVID-19, you should: 

  • Wash your hands frequently. It is the best way to protect yourself from catching illnesses. 
  • Wipe down surfaces around you with a sanitizing cleaner. 
  • Keep a distance from those who are sick. 
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth. 
  • Stay hydrated, so you can flush toxins out of your system. 
  • Get enough sleep to keep your immune system strong. 

Make nutritious choices

Eating a diet full of vegetables, fruits, lean protein, and whole grains can also help you stay healthy during the colder months. Consider treats that will satisfy cravings but have less fat and added sugar, and also keep an eye on portion size. When making your food shopping list during the holidays, think about healthier alternatives to traditional comfort foods. 

Stay active

Shorter days and colder weather may lead you to exercise less. But even moderate exercise, like a brisk walk, raking leaves, or climbing stairs, can