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How Lengthy Does Safety Final After COVID-19?

March 2021

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After your physique’s illness protection system (the immune system) fights off a virus, it retains a reminiscence of it. A research suggests that folks’s immune methods keep in mind COVID-19 for months after restoration.

The immune system makes several types of cells and molecules to combat illness. These embody antibodies, T cells, and B cells.

Researchers checked out immune responses from about 200 individuals who’d recovered from COVID-19. Some had been contaminated as much as eight months earlier than the evaluation. Different circumstances have been more moderen. Of the individuals who recovered, 95% had immune system “recollections” of the virus that causes COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2.

Virtually everybody had antibodies that block the virus’ spike protein. The virus makes use of this protein to enter cells. The quantity and kind of antibodies assorted between individuals. However the ranges often remained steady over time. They barely decreased six to eight months after an infection.

Immune cell ranges additionally remained excessive. Reminiscence B cells, which make antibodies, elevated for just a few months after an infection after which remained steady. Most individuals had one vital kind of T cell. About half had one other kind of T cell that kills contaminated cells.

“A number of months in the past, our stu-dies confirmed that pure an infection induced a powerful response, and this research now exhibits that the responses final,” says Dr. Daniela Weiskopf on the La Jolla Institute for Immunology. “We’re hopeful {that a} related sample of responses lasting over time can even emerge for the vaccine-induced responses.”

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